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Monday, July 22, 2024

Opposition parties oppose Sri Lanka “Electronic Broadcasting Authority Bill”

The Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) led National People’s Power (NPP) and the Samagi Jana Balawegaya (SJB) of the Parliamentary Opposition is to take every possible effort to stop the proposed Electronic Broadcasting Authority Bill as it constitutes a threat to fundamental human rights such as the freedom of expression, The Daily Morning learnt.

Speaking to The Daily Morning yesterday (1), JVP member, Attorney Sunil Watagala claimed that this proposed new Bill is a replica of the Anti-Terrorism Bill (ATB) which has now been temporarily withdrawn by the Government.

“The Government tries to repress the public by imposing various repressive laws such as the Anti-Terrorism Bill. However, they had to withdraw it temporarily with the huge opposition of the political parties and various civil society organisations. But now, they have brought the same repressive laws under the guise of a proposed Electronic Broadcasting Authority Bill. If anyone studies this proposed Bill very carefully, he/she will note plenty of similarities between the Anti-Terrorism Bill and the proposed Electronic Broadcasting Authority Bill. So, the NPP will be doing every possible thing to stop this proposed Bill being a law,” he said. Watagala also said that the public must be aware of these kinds of laws that could curtail the fundamental human rights that they are enjoying and should therefore not allow a Government without a mandate to make such crucial laws that could leave a serious impact on the democracy of the country.

“According to Section 80 of the Anti-Terrorism Bill, the Government can ban any political party or organisation if that has any connection with so-called terrorist actions or organisations. The same thing is apparently included in this proposed new Electronic Broadcasting Authority Bill in different words. According to the proposed Bill, the proposed Regulatory Commission can ban the broadcasting licence of any institution that violates the rules and regulations issued by the Commission. The Commission can also question any media institution if anyone violates the code of ethics given by the Commission. In the same way, the President is able to question suspects if they are arrested under a future Anti-Terrorism Act, if the relevant Bill becomes law. So, we can see how identical these two Bills are,” he claimed.

Meanwhile, SJB Parliamentarians Dr. Harsha de Silva and Eran Wickramaratne on Wednesday (31) vehemently criticised the Government’s proposed Electronic Broadcasting Authority Bill. Dr. de Silva claimed that this legislation, touted as an effort to advance the mass media, actually serves as a tool for the Government to crackdown on and manipulate the media to suit its own agenda, adding that the proposed Electronic Broadcasting Authority Bill contains provisions that enable the Government to exert pressure on and control media outlets that do not align with its ideology. Such measures, he argued, are fundamentally incompatible with the principles of a democratic society. Wickramaratne claimed that the Government is now working to bring a new broadcasting law to control the media. Wickramaratne also accused the Government of seeking to enact new laws to oppress those who have dissenting views, rather than proving its integrity in governance.

TM

Sri Lanka broadcast authority to arbitrate on economic ‘truths’: opposition

A draft bill to set up a broadcast authority to arbitrate on the ‘truth’ with powers to cancel licenses is a blow to democracy and economic policy debate, legislator Harsha de Silva has warned.

The Broadcast Bill will control electronic broadcasts which will apply to radio, television and questioned whether it also applied to internet and social media.

“Today people are facing economic problems, some people like how things are being done and some do not,” de Silva, from the opposition Samagi Jana Balawegaya told reporters.

“If the government is saying this is the correct information, and this is the only way to recover the economy, and if someone is saying anything against, then the government says that is not true.

“And if the license of the channel that broadcast the opinion, can be suspended or canceled, where are we heading to?”

“It is a deadly blow to democracy.”

“We are telling the government not to take this forward and if they do we will fight to protect the democratic rights of the people in this country.

Gobelsian Truth

The United National Party has one opinion, the JVP has another, the Pohottuwa as another and the SJB had another, De Siva.

The government will decide what is the ‘truth’ in some Gobelsian way, he warned.

“The decision-making power on how to inform the people about the national economy cannot be given to some authority,” de Silva said.

“If the correct information is not going to the people, and only one-sided information is going to the people under Gobelsian theory, then we can imagine where this will end.”

In a free society the ‘truth’ is not arrived at by some state authority like in Nazi Germany but through public debate, philosophers who helped build a free society in Europe have pointed out.

Sri Lanka now has a European style government, having inherited a majoritarian lawmaking process, without any understanding  of how to maintain a free society, critics say.

Similar problems appeared in Eastern European nations which transplanted Western constitutional government and the popular vote with the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

“That mankind are not infallible; that their truths, for the most part, are only half-truths: that unity of opinion, unless resulting from the fullest and freest comparison of opposite opinions, is not desirable, and diversity is not an evil, but a good, until mankind are much more capable than at present of recognizing all sides of the truth, are principles applicable to men’s modes of action, not less than to their opinions,” wrote John Stuart Mill, 19th century English philosopher economist, legislator in the utilitarian tradition.

Another utilitarian, Charles Hay Cameron laid the foundation for constitutional government and legislative council in then-Ceylon in 1833, the forerunner of current parliament, through which the license cancelling the Broadcast Authority bill is to be passed citing national security and economic considerations.

A group of five people will be in the commission. One will be the secretary of the Information Department another will be the director of the telecommunication commission and three will be appointed by the president, subject to a Constitutional Council.

“With three people from the constitutional council, we can expect independence to a certain extent,” de Silva said.

“If we are giving the power to cancel the license to these people, we call this not  objective, but subjective.  We saw, when movies get released, there were censor boards, and those members according to the minister that is being assigned must do those censoring.

“If they try to censor and cancel licenses of channels, which then goes on social media, it is completely against democracy.

“What we see is that, what could not be done through Anti-Terrorism Bill they are trying to do through the Broadcast Authority Bill.” (Colombo/June04/2023)

EN

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