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Tuesday, December 1, 2020

Sri Lanka: List the places designated as Covid19 quarantine centres and the designating authority- HRCSL issues recommendations

In a letter to Pavithra Wanniarachch, Minister of Health and Lieutenant General Shavendra de Silva,Head of the National Operation Centre for Prevention of COVID 19 Outbreak Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka has listed its recommendation for  regularization of the quarantine process under the law.

HRCSL has called for Transparency in the delegation of powers by the “Proper Authority; Vest powers of testing on designated qualified personnel; List the places designated as quarantine centres and the designating authority among its recommendations.

HRCSL Guidelines on Regularising Quarantine Processes
November 2020

The Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka commends all the efforts being made to curb the rapid spread of COVID-19 in the country. The Commission continues to recognise the need to restrict freedom of movement and liberty of people in the interests of public health and public order during an extraordinary health emergency such as that facing the country at present. The Commission has observed that a large number of persons have been subject to quarantine processes in view of the resurgence of the fear of spread of COVID-19 pandemic and has received a variety of complaints and expressions of concerns relating to the process.

In this regard, the Commission welcomes confirmation that first contacts of the COVID-19
infected patients who were earlier sent to quarantine centres, will now be home
quarantined. We are in agreement that quarantining persons to their home will be the
best option.

Since it is incumbent on the Commission under Act No. 21 of 1996 to examine whether
restrictions on liberty are compatible with our Constitution and international human rights
obligations, having given due consideration to the concernsised by the general public, the
Commission presents the following guidelines:

The Commission is of the view that the quarantine process can be regularized under the law by:
(i) Transparency in delegation of powers by the “Proper Authority”;
(ii) Vest powers of testing on designated qualified personnel;
(iii) List the places designated as quarantine centres and the designating authority.
(iv) Clarify the period of required quarantining.
(v) Create a receipt system for quarantined persons including the reason for quarantine, the place they are being taken to and the length of isolation;
(vi) External scrutiny of quarantine centres, especially by the “proper authority”;
(vii) Prohibit those handling quarantine from informing the media of the proposed
quarantining efforts, exposing those being quarantined to public gaze as though they were offenders rather than unfortunate victims of a virulent virus.

The Commission is also of the view the hardships imposed by the quarantining process can be
ameliorated by:
(i) Ensuring quarantined period is considered paid/ duty leave;
(ii) Ensuring financial or any other assistance to families of those in quarantine;
(iii) The Grama Niladhari be immediately informed when a person is quarantined;
(iv) In the circumstances where the vulnerable dependents in the families are left behind due to quarantine process, the Grama Niladhari to ensure provision of all necessary support to vulnerable persons including alerting the proper authorities.

The Commission wishes to emphasize that nothing in these recommendations should be
construed by any member of the public to act contrary to health guidelines issued by the public health authorities in regard to the COVID-19 pandemic or act in a manner that would be harmful to public health in general. The Commission also reiterates that placing the persons of first contact with COVID-19 patients under home quarantine will remove most of the concerns listed above but is issuing these recommendations in the event the government wishes to establish quarantine processes again in the future.

Ramani Muttettuwegama
Commissioner
Human Rights Commissions of Sri Lanka

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