14th July, 2018
His Excellency Maithripala Sirisena
Dear President Sirisena,
IN SOLIDARITY WITH TAMIL FAMILIES OF THE DISAPPEARED PROTESTING FOR TRUTH AND JUSTICE IN THE NORTH AND EAST
Enforced disappearance is one of the most horrific crimes known to humanity. For decades, the people of Sri Lanka have lived in fear of enforced disappearances, and have suffered its cruel consequences. Enough is enough, President Sirisena. End the suffering now. Provide families of the disappeared with the truth, justice, and reparations they are entitled to.
What happened to our loved ones? Tell us their fate and whereabouts
Tamil families of the disappeared in Kilinochchi, Mullaitivu, Vavuniya, Maruthankerny, and Trincomalee, continue to protest demanding truth and justice for their loved ones, with some having reached 500 days this month and others approaching 500 days. These protests come after families have exhausted most other avenues, including appearing before previous commissions of inquiry and other investigative mechanisms, making appeals to various state institutions, filing complaints with the Police and Human Rights Commission, making enquiries with the Army and Navy, and appealing to international bodies. In sheer desperation, they began and continue to protest. Their demands are simple: they want to know the fate and whereabouts of their loved ones, and they want justice. To date, they have been denied these demands.
The protesting families, led largely by women, have endured considerable physical, emotional, and financial difficulties since the protests began in February 2017, as well as intimidation at the hands of state security personnel. At least seven of the protesting mothers have died in the 500 days since the protests began, indicating the severity of the conditions in which they continue to seek truth and justice. They died without knowing the fate and whereabouts of their loved ones. For them, and many others outside of the protest groups, truth and justice is already too late. How much longer is the Government going to indifferently observe as the well-being of these families continue to deteriorate? President Sirisena, it is imperative that you urgently address the demands of the protesting families and provide them the truth and justice they seek.
Keep your promises
Since the end of the war in 2009, families have repeatedly demanded the release of lists of persons who surrendered to the Armed Forces during the last phase of the war. In your meeting with families in June 2017, you promised to “instruct the National Security Council to release the lists of persons who surrendered to the Armed Forces in the final phase of the war”.1 To date, you have not released these lists. To date, this promise remains unfulfilled. President Sirisena, you must keep your promise and release the lists of persons who surrendered to the Armed Forces without further delay.
The OMP must deliver results
In the search for truth and justice, families have been subjected to numerous commissions of inquiry and other investigative mechanisms over the years, none of which provided the truth and justice families sought. Families are exhausted from repeatedly going before state institutions and retelling their harrowing stories, with no answers being given and no accountability following. For this reason, many families have no trust in yet another state institution charged with giving answers that so many previous bodies failed to provide. In order for the Government of Sri Lanka to gain the trust of these families, the OMP must deliver results. The OMP must have strong international involvement that goes beyond mere advising, monitoring, capacity building and funding, which will help build trust amongst many families, and contribute to the independence and effectiveness of the Office. The OMP must provide answers to the fate and whereabouts of families’ loved ones. In the interim, the OMP should provide a time line for their operations, and an indication of how they plan to prioritise cases.
President Sirisena, you must ensure the OMP has the necessary independence and resources to discharge its duty to families, and provide answers on the fate and whereabouts of their loved ones.
Stop attacks on families and supporters
The ongoing harassment, threats, intimidation, and physical attacks on families and their supporters, by security personnel and unknown persons, is completely unacceptable. You must ensure that such practices immediately cease, and those responsible are punished accordingly. President Sirisena, you must ensure that families and their supporters can demand truth and justice for their loved ones without being threatened or intimidated to stop their campaigns, and that those responsible are held to account.
Lack of progress in ongoing cases
The Government has a duty to ensure that existing procedures in the criminal justice system, such as Police investigations and habeas corpus writs, operate expeditiously and independently, and provide solutions to families. Currently, the court system is rife with pending habeas corpus cases and Police investigations, spanning years without progress. President Sirisena, you must ensure that families are able to rely on existing legal procedures, including Police investigations and habeas corpus writs, in seeking recourse about their disappeared loved ones.
Demands made by Tamil families of the disappeared from the North and East
In a memorandum handed to you in your meeting with families in June 2017, families made five key demands:
Release a list of all those who surrendered or were detained by the Armed Forces during and post-war. In particular, those who surrendered during the last stages of the war.
Release a list of all secret detentions centres run by the Armed Forces and Police during and post-war, their current status, and an annual list of detainees held in such centres (during and post-war).
Release a list of all detainees held under the Prevention of Terrorism Act/Emergency Regulations or unlawfully in any legal detention centre. Release a list of detainees held in legal detention centres/remand prisons/prisons annually from 1983 onwards.
Release these lists to a representative group of families of the disappeared, their lawyers, and any representatives they authorise.
Publicly release all reports of committees/commissions on disappearances appointed by governments over the past 30 years, and the governments’ responses to those reports.
The Government’s promises to families
In your meeting with families in June 2017, you made the following promises:2
You promised to instruct the National Security Council to release the lists of persons who surrendered to the Armed Forces in the final phase of the war.
You promised to issue directives to the relevant authorities to make speedy inquiries into the grievances presented by families.
You promised to release any persons under detention without charges.
President Sirisena, to date, you have not honoured the promises you made to families.
Demands made by activists and civil society organisations in solidarity with families protesting to seek truth and justice
In solidarity with families of the disappeared in the North and East, we, the undersigned, demand that the Government of Sri Lanka gives effect to the promises made to the families, as a matter of priority.
We make the following demands to the entities below in order to hold the Government accountable for the promises made to families:
The Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka and the United Nations Department for Peace Keeping Operations maintain stringent procedures for vetting and providing clearances for military persons to be part of United Nations Peace Keeping Missions, to ensure those suspected of any crimes do not get posted overseas.
Foreign governments reconsider defence co-operation with the Sri Lankan Armed Forces.
In addition, we demand that:
The Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA) be repealed with immediate effect, and that any counter-terror law that will replace it, be in line with international human rights standards.
The OMP follow-up on the demands made by families, in particular, relating to the release of the lists of surrendered persons.
The Government ensure the expeditious and independent resolution of pending Police investigations and habeas corpus cases.
2018 cq,s 14
1 The President’s meeting with families of the disappeared, http://www.president.gov.lk/president-meets-family-members-of-missing-persons/.
2 The President’s meeting with families of the disappeared, http://www.president.gov.lk/president-meets-family-members-of-missing-persons/.